Kerala Police Cyber Policing Year

Kerala Police has declared 2019 as Cyber Policing Year Thus in this year we focus to improving cyber capabilities so as to strengthen the fight against Cyber threats and to protect cyber security.

 

Cyber Security Tips By Cyber Cell, Thrissur City  

1.General Social Media Security Tips

2. Whatsapp

3. Facebook

4. Computer

5. Mobile Devices

 


Social Media

     Social media accounts are powerful tools in the wrong hands. We’ve recently seen hackers take over the Twitter accounts of media outlets and large corporations, using them for anything from basic spam to drawing attention to global issues. Your own accounts might seem too small to tempt scammers, but even with just a few followers your information is a valuable commodity. Read on for tips to stay safe on social networks.

Use unique passwords for each social network:
       It’s a pain, but it is also absolutely essential that you don’t use the same password for Twitter as you do for, say, Facebook, Instagram and other social tools. Using a single password makes it easy for hackers, as gaining access to one means gaining access to all – and imagine how painful it will be when you find you’re locked out of your entire online life. When you use one password for multiple services, you’re only as safe as the least secure service you use.

Watch your mailbox
     How can these social account hacks happen? By direct messages to you. Yes, using the same approach phishers have used for years it tends to be a rogue link in a message or email, perhaps sent to look like it’s from a colleague or friend, that exposes that all-important password. Phishers will find out who you would expect to receive an email from and use that as a way in. This social engineering approach has worked on staff at major newspapers and government organisations, so don’t fool yourself into thinking hacking social network accounts must require more sophisticated techniques.

Don’t be too personal
   Social engineering is where attackers use whatever information they can glean from your public profiles – date of birth, education, interests – to try to get into your accounts on all sorts of services. Just imagine how easily someone can find out the name of your first pet or school from your Facebook profile, then think about how many services use them as security questions. Keep as much of your profile private as you can, and think twice before posting absolutely every aspect of your life.

Lock your phone
It’s not only faceless scammers on the internet. Your phone can end up in the hands of a stranger, giving access to your social accounts (and more). It’s not just rogue updates: once they’re in they can obtain your email address, target your friends using your profile as bait, and even change your password. To make it as difficult as possible for an intruder, you should always enable the passcode lock on your phone, and set it to time out at no more than a few minutes.

Use the block button
When a spammer follows you and sends you links, don’t just ignore it. For the sake of others who are less well informed than you, always report the account as spam. The social networking service will monitor it and, if enough people take the same action, remove the account. It won’t stop spammers coming back with new accounts but it at least hinders their efforts.

Privacy and security settings exist for a reason:Learn about and use the privacy and security settings on social networks. They are there to help you control who sees what you post and manage your online experience in a positive way.

Once posted, always posted: Protect your reputation on social networks. What you post online stays online. Think twice before posting pictures you wouldn’t want your parents or future employers to see. Recent research found that 70 percent of job recruiters rejected candidates based on information they found online.

Your online reputation can be a good thing:  Recent research also found that recruiters respond to a strong, positive personal brand online. So show your smarts, thoughtfulness and mastery of the environment.


Keep personal info personal: Be cautious about how much personal information you provide on social networking sites. The more information you post, the easier it may be for a hacker or someone else to use that information to steal your identity, access your data or commit other crimes such as stalking.


Know and manage your friends: Social networks can be used for a variety of purposes. Some of the fun is creating a large pool of friends from many aspects of your life. That doesn’t mean all friends are created equal. Use tools to manage the information you share with friends in different groups or even have multiple online pages. If you’re trying to create a public persona as a blogger or expert, create an open profile or a “fan” page that encourages broad participation and limits personal information. Use your personal profile to keep your real friends (the ones you know and trust) up to date with your daily life.


Be honest if you’re uncomfortable: If a friend posts something about you that makes you uncomfortable or seems inappropriate, let them know. Likewise, stay open minded if a friend approaches you because something you’ve posted makes him or her uncomfortable. People have different tolerances for how much the world knows about them respect those differences.
Know what action to take: If someone is harassing or threatening you, remove them from your friends list, block them and report them to the site administrator.

Keep security software current: Having the latest security software, web browser and operating system is the best defense against viruses, malware and other online threats.


Own your online presence: When applicable, set the privacy and security settings on websites to your comfort level for information sharing. It’s OK to limit how and with whom you share information.


Make your passphrase a sentence: A strong passphrase is a sentence that is at least 12 characters long. Focus on positive sentences or phrases that you like to think about and are easy to remember (for example, “I love country music.”). On many sites, you can even use spaces!


Unique account, unique passphrase: Having separate passphrases for every account helps to thwart cybercriminals. At a minimum, separate your work and personal accounts and make sure that your critical accounts have the strongest passphrases.


When in doubt, throw it out: Links in email, tweets, posts and online advertising are often how cybercriminals try to steal your personal information. Even if you know the source, if something looks suspicious, delete it.


Post only about others as you have them post about you. The Golden Rule applies online as well.

 

Cyber Security Tips 

1.General Social Media Security Tips

2. Whatsapp

3. Facebook

4. Computer

5. Mobile Devices

Whatsapp

whatsApp is probably one of the most used apps on any smartphone. And for right reasons. It is a pretty great communication tool. It is simple to use and it works well, even with relatively slower connections. Whether you are looking to text someone or want to send an image from your holiday to a group of friends, you are likely to pick up WhatsApp.

But at the same, just like any other app or a web-based tool, WhatsApp can also leak your private data if you are not careful. Now ESET, a company that offers security solutions including pretty nifty anti-virus apps for smartphones as well as computers, has come out with a few tech tips.

The company says that every WhatsApp user should use following tips to keep his or her WhatsApp chats safe and secure. We mostly agree...

Lock WhatsApp

One of the best WhatsApp security tips is to protect the app with a password or PIN. WhatsApp itself doesn't offer such a function, but there are third-party apps that do. It might seem cumbersome but if you lose your phone, it's going to prevent anyone else accessing your chats.

Block WhatsApp photos from appearing in photo roll

It's fair to assume that your WhatsApp conversations might occasionally take on a distinctly 'personal' note. If you're sharing images with your significant other, the last thing you want is for those images to appear in your general photostream, popping up when you let a friend swipe through your holiday snaps.

On iPhone, it's easy to fix: Go into your phone's Settings menu, then 'Privacy', 'Photos', and deselect WhatsApp from the list of apps whose images are fed into the photostream.

Android users will have to get under the hood a little bit. Using a file explorer app like ES File Explorer, find WhatsApp's 'Images' and 'Videos' folders. Create a file within each called '.nomedia'. That will stop Android's Gallery from scanning the folder.

Secondly, if you exclude WhatsApp images from your photoroll, and lock the app as above, it provides another layer of security if your phone is stolen or hacked into - but it won't be a 100 per cent bulletproof solution.

Hide 'last seen' timestamp

Not sure if you want people to know when you're going on and offline? It may not seem like vital information, but if a scammer already knows some other things about you, adding that last piece of contextual information could prove useful to them - whether you're awake or not; at home or overseas; coming out of the cinema or getting off a flight. Or you just might not want contacts -- especially colleagues, or your boss -- to know you're checking WhatsApp at your desk. You can disable or restrict who sees your 'last seen' time in WhatsApp's 'Profile'; 'Privacy' menu, in Android, iOS, Windows or Blackberry. Be aware though, if you turn it off, you won't be able to see other users' 'last seen' times either.

Restrict access to profile picture

Is your profile photo one you've used elsewhere - on LinkedIn, Facebook or Twitter? Maybe it's even on your company's website somewhere. If it is, and your WhatsApp sharing is public, anyone you've ever spoken to -- even if you've just replied to an unwanted message -- can download your picture from your WhatsApp profile and, using Google Image search, very quickly find out more about you. Set profile picture sharing to "contacts only" in the Privacy menu.

Watch out for scams

WhatsApp itself will never contact you through the app. Also, WhatsApp does not send emails about chats, voice messages, payment, changes, photos, or videos, unless you email their help and support to begin with. Anything offering a free subscription, claiming to be from WhatsApp or encouraging you to follow links in order to safeguard your account is definitely a scam and not to be trusted.

Deactivate WhatsApp if you lose your phone

WhatsApp offers users simple and effective security tips to keep control of your account if your phone is lost or stolen. As well as locking your SIM card through your network provider, WhatsApp recommends that you immediately activate WhatsApp with the same phone number on a different phone, with a replacement SIM. The app can only be used by one number on one device at a time, so by doing so you instantly block it from being used on your old phone. If that's not possible, WhatsApp can deactivate your account.

Be careful what you talk about


Last but not the least, use the same common sense you would with any form of digital communication. Don't send personal information if you can possibly avoid it -- addresses, phone numbers, email addresses -- and never send your bank, social security or credit card details, or your passport or other identification details.

 

Cyber Security Tips 

1.General Social Media Security Tips

2. Whatsapp

3. Facebook

4. Computer

5. Mobile Devices

Facebook

Create strong password.
Make sure that your password containing about 8 characters. It's assumed that min 8 character password is stronger.

A longer password would help you to have a strong key as it takes more time to hack it. Make password which would be difficult to guess.

Please avoid including the username, pet name, birth date as your password, you can also use some online password generators but just make sure it's secure & trustworthy. Don’t use the same password anywhere else.

Also, change your password once every six months not only for Facebook but everywhere.

Go to; Settings >> General >> Password >> Generate STONG PASSWORD.

You might know that your FB account has 3 passwords, check: How to Access Facebook Account with THREE Passwords [Facebook Security]


Mobile number confirmation.
Confirming your mobile number strengthens the FB security. This helps you when you forget your account password; since the Facebook will send you OTP to your mobile number & you can reset your FB account password.

Go to; Account setting >> mobile >> add a phone number.

You may also like to know; Is Antivirus Required For Android Phones? Tips to Remove Malware from Phone | Android Security

Prefer secure browsing.
Always keep an eye on every app, device, system or browser you are surfing your FB account. Just make sure you are browsing from a secure page in the browser. Facebook provides you this option excessively. By the secure browsing option, you can automatically limit and control all the external applications which you are integrated previously while logging in with Facebook. For any activity via your FB profile, these apps would require your approval.

Setting >> Security >> Recognised Devices >> check all the devices >> confirm your identity & remove any unrelated logged in devices >> save changes.

Activate code generator & login approval.
The 'Login Approval' option is the new security feature provided by the Facebook developers; it will need the security pin every time when you are trying to login to your FB account.

For this settings;
Go to; Settings >> Security >> Login approval >> Edit link >> checkout box to activate login approval >> save changes.

After this Facebook asks you to go for set up, you will receive OTP on your mobile no & generate a code. If you aren't able to get this option for your account; then please make sure Settings >> Security >> code 'generator' is NOT enabled.

Secondly you can also activate Code Generator, go to Setting >> Security >> Code Generator >> click get started


By this option, you will get login access codes through your mobile number either by text message or FB app. To allow this open the 'Code Generator' section, click the option 'get codes' enter your FB password & click 'submit'.


Remove previous activities & past sessions.
Facebook shows all you previous logged-in & past active sessions. To check out your last active sessions, where you log in from, & what device you had used to access your Facebook account; go to

Account settings >> Security >> Where You're Logged In >> active session >> Edit

Now all past activities will be listed, click 'end activity’ to kill all the activities that you feel unwanted.


Follow security checkups.
It's always better to go for a security checkup. Click on the settings shortcut & select the privacy option.

Here you will see 3 options:
1. Who can see my stuff?
This option is used to control the exposure of all your posts; manage the audience for your all post. Try to make all your personal stuff (including photos and post updates) visible to all your friends whom you trust.

2. Who can contact me?
If you allow this option to everyone, you are ready to get unwanted and unknown friends requests. And by unknowingly you used to accept, and they lead to get all your info & might be used against your account hacking.

3. Who can look me up?
You can here make the following changes to tighten your Facebook account security:
Who can look you up using the email address you provided? >> Friends
Who can look you up using the phone number you provided? >> Friends
Do you want search engines outside of Facebook to link to your Profile? >> No

You also need to check;
APP SETTINGS:
Go to Settings >> Apps >> App settings >> This app-option allows you to control the apps which are connected to your Facebook account. If you see any suspicious apps in the list then don't hesitate to remove it.

Moreover, you also need to check more in profile option; you will see most of the options related to your profile display shown publicly; that includes your email ID, birthday, hometown, current city, etc., you can rather, I suggest to limit the audience for your Facebook profile data.

4. Dodge phishing.
Avoid clicking/sharing the spam links on your own Facebook posting as well as opening the links from other's postings. There are many attacks occurred including money scams using Facebook messages, chats, etc.

These spam links are or might be the phishing attacks and it will redirect you to the fake website with the use of malicious link & HTML; that can steal all your personal information or even more, it'll damage your device.

There is also a chance that you will see that email came from Facebook but actually, it's come from the phishing website.

So for security reasons, never click the suspicious links. Never give your username & password to any website while responding to any emails. Facebook or any social networking site never demand your password. For any Windows; always try to update your browsers to the latest version to ensure your browsers security.

5. Update privacy settings.

There are some manageable security & privacy settings from which you can ensure the security of your Facebook. First of all set the 'Login Alerts'. You can decide to get login alerts via Facebook notifications via text messages, email. Get a warning when anybody logs into your account from an unrecognized device or browser.

Go to Settings >> Security >> Login Alerts >> edit & select the mode of getting notifications.

The next important option is choose trusted contact who can surely help you if ever have trouble accessing your FB account & never accept any friend request from unknown people.


6. Keep updated & secured system environment.


Use up to date antivirus software. The updated antivirus software will help you to keep your computer more secure & safe. Try to scan your computer system for malware regularly.

FYI; you can have malware even if you just watch a video via FB post, or if you visit a website claiming to offer special features, or by downloading any via the unsecured browser. So please be aware of such things.

7. Follow the best & secured practices to use FB.


Don't share the password with anyone. Clear all history from the device. Always log out. Log out even from your own mobile in case it might get in someone's hand or even get stolen so there may be chances to get your personal information can be misplaced.

Disable the feature "remember password" on the web browser. Type your password only on your own & trusted computers. Otherwise, usually, hackers use keystroke keyloggers which record everything you type even password too.


8.Bottom Line


Now with all the above options, you will definitely able to make your Facebook account secure & safe than it was. These options would make hacker harder to hack.

With these simple options secure FB posting, likes, & comments. Hope this article has helped you not only for making your Facebook account secure but also other social networking accounts

 

Cyber Security Tips 

1.General Social Media Security Tips

2. Whatsapp

3. Facebook

4. Computer

5. Mobile Devices

Mobile Cyber Security Tips


Always lock your phone when not in use.

Set up Touch ID or Facial Recognition on your device, and back that up with a unique PIN or pattern.


Don’t download apps from third-party sites.

Cybercriminals create “spoof” apps to trick people into downloading malware or spyware onto their device. Only use official apps from Google Play or iTunes.
Avoid public charging stations unless there is an emergency.

Hackers have been known to set up fake charging stations in scams known as “juice jacking.” After you plug in, they can access your phone’s data or install malware on the device.


In our fast-paced world, it can be tempting to seek out the most convenient internet connection while away from home. Use caution when connecting to public Wi-Fi networks. Cybercriminals can access and monitor your activity if you connect to one of their seemingly trustworthy, “spoof” networks.


Try to avoid opening email links, even if you think the sender is familiar.

Smartphones are just as susceptible to viruses as computers. Phishing attacks remain prevalent, and 90 percent of malware is delivered via email.
Use a different password for every account you own, and don’t save them in your browser. More than half of all consumers reuse passwords across business and personal accounts. Instead, use a password manager and test your password strength before using it.


Always back up your smartphone’s data. If your mobile device gets lost, stolen, or destroyed, would you feel safe that your contacts, pictures, apps, and email data are secure? Make sure that you sync your phone so your data is backed up on the cloud.


Speaking of lost cell phones, turn on remote tracking in your mobile device settings. Apple users have Find My iPhone, and Android users can enable Find My Device to see the last known location of the device. Both features allow you to remotely wipe your smartphone’s data if it’s stolen or can’t be retrieved.


If you must connect your phone to public Wi-Fi, avoid visiting websites that contain sensitive or financial information, like your bank or credit card’s website. If you have to do this, use a “virtual private network” or VPN, which encrypts your data.


Install antivirus software on mobile devices.

As a best practice for any mobile device — phones, tablets, or other — consider adding antivirus software for the additional security it provides against malware or other viruses.


Invest in mobile threat defense.

This software scans your phone and will alert you to suspicious activity, like rogue applications and fake Wi-Fi networks. It also includes fully-managed restoration if data exposure were to lead to an identity theft incident.


Enable two–factor authentication (2FA) for your key accounts,

like mobile banking apps and peer-to-peer payment apps. This added layer of security will prevent a thief from being able to wipe out your financial accounts.


Audit your apps to see what information they are accessing.

You may have heard of the WhatsApp security vulnerability that allowed malware to be installed on users’ phones. Google Play scans 50 billion apps every day, but there is no way to identify all flaws.Be cautious about what permissions you grant the apps that you download.


Do not “Root” your Android or “Jailbreak” your iPhone.

This is a process that gives you complete access of your device, but in doing so, removes many of the safeguards that the manufacturers have put in place.


Always update your phone’s Operating System (OS) when prompted. These updates are meant to protect your device and information.

 

Cyber Security Tips 

1.General Social Media Security Tips

2. Whatsapp

3. Facebook

4. Computer

5. Mobile Devices

Computer


In contrast to just ten years ago, computers and smartphones are integral to almost everyone’s lives. We use them in our workplace and at home- and often there are multiple computers in all our houses. Then there are our smartphones which are basically computers.

With everyone using computers on a daily basis they are becoming more and more vulnerable to cybercriminals and hackers. It can potentially affect all types of computers whether your running Windows, Mac OS, Linux or a smartphone equivalent.

1. Do you need to be connected to the internet all the time?
The answer to this for me (and I suspect more and more people) is a resounding “yes!”, but if you have a computer running for long periods of time and you don’t need to be connected to the internet, then it’s probably quite prudent to switch your internet router off. Hackers tend to prefer to exploit “always on” connections, and if your internet connection is more sporadic, you’ll be less attractive to them.

However, for most people, this just isn’t going to be practical. More and more of the stuff we do these days requires an internet connection. With Windows 8 coming later this year and new versions of the Mac operating system, our computers will be demanding “always on” connections. It’s not just computers either- it’s our digital TV boxes and even our fridges and dishwashers (assuming you have an internet ready one!). If this is the case, you’ll need to ensure that you protect your connection to the internet at it’s entry point- usually your router.

2. Make sure your router has a decent firewall
A firewall is a piece of software or hardware that (simply speaking) lets the good stuff in and the bad stuff out. Most internet service providers offer a free router and modem when you sign up with them. Make sure that it has a decent firewall. If you are a tech-savvy person then you can even upgrade the firmware (using the likes of Tomato or DD-WRT) on many routers to improve the security amongst other things. This Lifehacker article gives some good tips on how to do this.

3. Make sure your Computer or Device has a decent firewall
Most computers these days have an integrated firewall built in to the operating system. Windows has the imaginatively titled “Windows Firewall” and Mac OS X has an integrated one too (see here for more information on how to enable the Mac OS X firewall in Snow Leopard). For Linux, it depends on your flavour, but this article from Tech Radar gives a list of decent firewalls you could consider.

4. Install Decent Anti-virus Software
I know some people believe the conspiracy theory that some of the software houses that produce anti-virus applications actually generate the viruses in the first place. The thought is that they do this in order to whip up some hysteria so that more people will buy their product. Although it’s tempting to believe this, I don’t think there is much truth in it. This article from Computer Hope gives some excellent points against the view. There are some people that say having anti-virus software is a waste of time as long as your careful and that all they do is slow down your computer.

The truth is, anti-virus software is a must for almost everyone. Yes, they will slow down your computer a little, but I think that is a pill worth swallowing as opposed to being infected by a virus. You don’t need to spend any money on it either. One of the best anti-virus applications for PCs is Microsoft’s own Security Essentials which will be built in for the first time to the forthcoming Windows 8.

It’s a complete myth that Mac users are exempt from viruses as the recent Mac Flashback virus outbreak shows. There aren’t many free anti-virus applications for the Mac, as this article from the Guardian recommends, you could always try ClamXav.

Finally, anti-virus applications have to be updated regularly- I’d recommend at least twice a day. Make sure you check the settings. Also if you use USB thumb drives or external hard drives, do scan them for viruses- particularly if the drive belongs to someone else. I know of many friends whose computers have been infected by using an infected drive belonging to a friend.

5. Keep Your Computer Up to Date!
I know it’s annoying, but make sure you check your computer for updates! I’ve seen so many cases of computers that have never had any updates done to the operating system. Both Microsoft and Apple roll out updates regularly to their operating systems. These can be important security patches and you may be compromised if you don’t install them!

6. Don’t Visit Porn Sites (or any other dodgy or affected site)!
Did I really write that? Erm, yes I did. The problem is, that there are sites out there that are out to get you. They may have been affected by a worm that modifies the website with the intention to infect your computer with a virus. Some sites are there to deliberately get you. Things are a little better these days, but there are still plenty of cases of infected sites. Be careful where you’re browsing- and again make sure you’re anti-virus software is up to date.

7. Keep Your Password Safe and Hard to Guess.
I wrote an article before about how easy it is for your password to be compromised. The truth is you can’t trust any site that you give your password to because you don’t know how they store it. It’s best to use a different password for each website your sign up to. I know that sounds hard, but it’s quite easy to do- more information in my earlier article.

I’d also highly recommend the password manager- Last Pass. This manages all your passwords securely so that you never have to type it on your computer (in case you are infected by a keyboard sniffer) or store them anywhere insecurely. It also has a password generator, so you can effectively have a different strong complicated password for each site you visit. It is highly recommended!

Finally, be careful about saving passwords on applications on your computer. Famously, the FTP client Filezilla stores your passwords in plain text. Not great for security.

8. Use a Decent Web Browser
Google chromeMost people still use Internet Explorer or Safari for browsing. They’ve come on in recent years- especially Internet Explorer. Still, my personal recommendation is to use Google Chrome as your browser as it’s been hailed as the most secure of browsers again and again.

9. Don’t Trust Public Wifi
Wifi you surf the web whilst sipping your latte in your local coffee shop beware! Did you know that much of your internet connection (web browsing and email) is being sent over the connection unencrypted? Anyone malicious in the coffee shop could be listening in and stealing your passwords. If you have a 3G connection then use that, but if not, you’ll need to secure your connection. Websites that use https (Facebook and Twitter for example) encrypt your data, but most websites won’t. For this, you’ll need to use a VPN or virtual private network. This encrypts your connection by connecting to a secure server in the middle. You can build your own (as this Lifehacker article tells you), but it’s probably easier to use a VPN service. Again, Lifehacker comes to the rescue with a list of the best VPNs. Personally, I use the VPN service from Private Internet Access* which is reliable and very secure.

10. Never Leave Your Computer Unattended
I know this is obvious, but don’t leave your computer on if you’re not around. I suppose it depends on where the computer is. I have a server at home that is on all the time, but I do trust my wife not to hack in to the computer and install a virus! It’s not enough to go to the lock screen either, as someone could just connect a device to your computer and steal your data or even your whole computer. It’s probably a good idea to look at encrypting your hard drive, but that’s for another time…!

11. Check Your Firewall
The firewall acts as a barrier between the computer and any unauthorized programs trying to access the system through the internet. Most computer systems, especially Windows have built-in firewall hardware. Check if it is turned on. You can also install firewall software for more security.

12.Back Up Your Data
Make sure that you back up all your data to an external storage. Backing up can be done online or through an external storage device. You can send all your data to online cloud storage like Dropbox and Google Drive. This is important in case your computer crashes due to power outage or cyber attack.

13.Always Scan
You cannot prevent other devices from connecting to your computer – flash drives, external storage devices, and smartphones. Make it a habit that you thoroughly scan these external devices before accessing them to avoid entry of viruses.

14.Protect Your Email
One of the favorite entries of viruses and other forms of security threats is your email. Make sure that you enable spam filters or you add anti-spam or virus extensions that regularly scans your email for some threats.

15.Don’t Click Mail Links
Some emails may still enter your inbox. When you open them, avoid clicking the email links especially if the email sender is unfamiliar to you. Most of these are fraudsters and phishers. Usually, they come in form of banks, insurance companies, promos, games, lottery etc.

16.Use Trusted Browsers
Use browsers that are common and are known to be safe and trusted. The most reliable browsers available are Firefox, Safari, and Chrome. These browsers have built-in security features that minimize the risk of your computer from acquiring viruses, malware, etc. You can also check the security and privacy settings of the browsers where you can manage certain areas in the browser that strengthens the security.


17.Check Website Security
As you access a website, view its site information. In most browsers, you can see it beside the URL. Basically, it will tell you if the website is “Secure” or “Not Secure”. But even “Secure” websites are not 100% secure because they may use cookies that will invade your privacy.

18.Be Selective of Sites
In connection to the previous tip, make sure that you use your judgment and be selective of the websites that you open. Open websites that are familiar and are trusted. Avoid opening porn sites, gambling sites, promo sites, etc. as they are the favorite hosts of viruses.

19.Filter Downloads
Some browsers have a security feature that asks you if you want to continue a download. They may prompt you that the file you are going to download contains materials that may harm your computer. Moreover, before opening the downloaded files, make sure you scan them first as they may carry viruses as well.

20.Manage Your Passwords
It is best that you choose the strongest passwords that you can think of. Don’t use the same passwords for different accounts. Avoid using birthdays, name initials, and other easy to guess passwords. Moreover, it is important that you regularly update your passwords once a month to tighten the security.

21.Add Site Blockers
Apart from the built-in security features browsers, there are also site blockers available on the web. Site blockers block potentials websites that may contain or may be involved in fraud, phishing, scam, and other threats. You can also program these site blockers to block certain sites with certain keywords. They can also help in blocking pop-up ads and sites.

Don’t Be Fooled by Online Deals
On the internet, there are many ads and deals everywhere in a website and a page. Most commonly, they appear to be so enticing and attractive. Well, they are purposely created to appear like that. As much as possible, avoid clicking online deals or any ads that are not familiar with you. Usually, they will redirect you to a website that hosts hundreds of viruses.

Disconnect
If you do not need an internet connection, make it a habit to disconnect. This is a preventive measure that will help you avoid security threats from entering your computer through the internet.

Apart from these preventive measures, ask a PC technician or IT expert to check your computer if there are signs of viruses, malware, etc. inside the system.

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